Front End Development vs Back End Development: Definitive Guide

If you are new to the world of software and coding terms such as front-end development or back-end development might sound boggling. Also, if you are an aspiring coder with an enthusiasm for the same, this read will be beneficial for you as it will take you through the fundamentals of the same. Front-end development is the coding part done by keeping the user in mind. The aesthetics of the website, the user interface, and the user experience are all factors that come under front-end development. While back-end development focuses on the bigger picture which is not seen by the user. Let’s traverse through the terms to understand them in depth.

Everything You Need to Know About Front End Development

It is the duty of a front-end developer to keep the user in mind while doing anything and everything about the website. It is also known as the client-side of a website. The developer should make sure that the visual aspect of the website is alluring and works well without trouble. The appearance and features should match the interests and requirements of the customers. The pages should be easy to navigate and the design should be easily comprehensible. People tend to stick to only easy and simple websites which are also unique at the same time. Everything starting from menus to layout and images come under front-end development. The developers should ensure that the page is designed and written in such a way that people would want to engage and interact with it.


Generally, the languages used for front-end development include HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Those are like the backbone of a website as CSS defines the visuals and designs, and JavaScript decides how the page should navigate from one to other. It is important for a developer to be fully aware and knowledgeable about front-end development. Even if you are planning to become a full-stack developer, the front end is something you should master and something you should be good at.

What is Back End Development: Everything You Need to Know About Back End Development

It takes a lot of process behind the screen to get a website running. It is these behind-the-screen actions that can be called back-end development. It is what runs a website or an application. Back-end development also has got much to do with everything that happens on the server as well as the database. While the first is called the client-side of the website, back-end development can be regarded as the server-side of the website. It has got less to do with customers and more to do with servers. Running a website means collecting a large amount of information from users. This information needs to be stored and protected. A back-end developer manages the database in which the information is stored. Even though the user is not directly interacting with the back end, one cannot entirely push it away like a no-use one. But rather a user interacts with what the back-end developer builds through the front end. So a back-end developer has to manage the server and database also ensuring that the front end works well.


Elaborating further on this, a back-end developer works on tasks such as building code needed to run the website, server, and database, troubleshooting and debugging web applications, managing database, and framework utilization. A back-end developer needs to be more adept at handling complex issues concerning the database and server. The task at hand is much more challenging than a front-end developer. They should know the art of making a website or an application run faster, secure, and capable. Any leakage of data or privacy of the users can be costly to the company. Thus, the job demands adept knowledge and skill.


A variety of languages are used in back-end development. The most commonly used ones are C#, JavaScript, and Python. Excelling in front-end back-end development is an easy route to becoming a full-stack developer. Starting out with JavaScript for the front end and back end is highly recommended.


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